Bradley Young


Bradley Young
Full Professor

2005-2006, SSHRC Post-doctoral Fellow, Kinesiology, Queen's/McMaster University
2005, Ph.D., Kinesiology, McMaster University
1998, M.A., Sport Psychology, University of Ottawa
1996, B.Ed., Physical Education (Sec), McGill University

Room: MNT 226
Office: (613) 562-5800 ext. 3581
Work E-mail:

Bradley Young


Dr. Bradley W. Young is an active researcher in psychology of sport and physical activity, and sport pedagogy. His program has been funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Sport Canada, and the Coaching Association of Canada. His research converges on two themes related to sport across the lifespan. The first theme comprises investigations on the social psychological aspects of sport and aging. He researches the psychological aspects of middle-aged and older Masters athletes’ participation in sport, specifically examining strategies to motivate the older athlete, to alleviate barriers to Masters sport involvement, and to enhance the social environment of aging athletes to promote prolonged sport commitment. He has advised the Coaching Association of Canada in their efforts to draft new coaching resources pertaining to Masters athletes, has built partnerships with the Active Living Coalition for Older Adults, and established working relationships with governing associations in Masters sport. His second theme of research relates to the psychological conditions associated with the development of expert young athletes. He examines the nature of deliberate practice activities that characterize the most highly skilled athletes in high-performance sport. He is specifically interested in the role of self-regulated learning strategies that elite athletes use to ensure high-quality practice and to remain resilient during effortful training over time. He examines the influence of self-monitoring tools (e.g., personal training logs) for promoting changes in sport behaviour and the role of psychological self-control characteristics in youth talent development in sport. As a teacher, Dr. Young blends his past experiences as a university athletics coach, secondary school teacher and mental skills coach into his lecturing in the area of sport psychology and interventions in sport pedagogy. He received the Faculty of Health Sciences Award for Excellence in Teaching in 2010.

Research interests

  • Masters athletes and lifetime commitment to sport
  • Sport participation and sport performance at middle and old-age
  • Self-regulated learning strategies and practice behaviour in sport
  • Development of sport expertise and youth talent development

Ongoing Research

Dr. Young presently leads a SSHRC grant which, with collaboration from Joseph Baker (York University), examines self-regulated learning strategies that distinguish expert athletes from less-accomplished peers during training. He is working with Bettina Callary (Cape Breton University) on a SSHRC grant that explores coaching practices with Masters athletes and whether traditional strategies need to be re-thought for an aging athletic cohort. He is also part of a group trying to improve knowledge translation between researchers and active aging community stakeholders, as well as practical models of physical literacy in older adults. Dr. Young openly invites applications from interested graduate students.

Selected Publications

  • Lithopoulos, A., & Young, B.W. (2016). Sport gain-framed messages, possible selves, and their effects on adults’ interest, intentions and decision to register in sport. International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, online ahead of print, DOI: 10.1080/1612197X.2016.1216003.
  • Rathwell, S., & Young, B.W. (2016). An examination and validation of an adapted Youth Experience Scale for university sport. Measurement in Physical Education & Exercise Science, online ahead of print, DOI:10.1080/1091367X.2016.1210152.
  • Young, B.W., Bennett, A., & Séguin, B. (2015). Masters sport perspectives. In M.M. Parent & J-L Chappelet (Eds.), Routledge handbook of sports event management: A stakeholder approach (pp.136-162). London: Routledge.
  • Young, B.W., de Jong, G.C., & Medic, N. (2015). Examining relationships between passion types, conflict, and negative outcomes in masters athletes. International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 13, 132-149. DOI: 10.1080/1612197X.2014.932822
  • Young, B.W., & Weir, P.L. (2015). Maturing with masters athletes: Tracing the evolution of empirical research on aging and sport expertise. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 46, 689-713. DOI: 10.7352/IJSP 2015.46
  • Callary, B., Rathwell, S., & Young, B.W. (2015). Masters swimmers’ experiences with coaches: What they want, what they need, what they get. SAGE Open. DOI: 10.1177/2158244015588960
  • Tedesqui, R., & Young, B.W. (2015). Perspectives on active and inhibitive self-regulation relating to the deliberate practice activities of sport experts. Talent Development & Excellence, 7, 29-39.
  • Lithopoulos, A., Rathwell, S., & Young, B.W. (2015). Examining the effects of gain-framed messages on the activation and elaboration of possible sport selves in middle-aged adults. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 27, 140-155. DOI: 10.1080/10413200.2014.961618
  • Rathwell, S., & Young, B.W. (2015). Modeling commitment and compensation: A case study of a 52 year-old masters athlete. Journal of Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise & Health, 7, 718-738. DOI: 10.1080/2159676X.2014.981572
  • Young, B.W., Callary, B., & Niedre, P.C. (2014). Exploring novel considerations for the coaching of Masters athletes. International Sport Coaching Journal, 1, 86-93. DOI: 10.1123/iscj.2014-0052
  • Baker, J., & Young, B.W. (2014). 20 years later: Deliberate practice and the development of expertise in sport. International Review of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 7, 135-157. DOI: 10.1080/1750984X.2014.896024
  • Vallerand, J.R., & Young, B.W. (2014). Are adult sportspersons and exercisers that different? Exploring how motives predict commitment and lapses. International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 12, 339-356. DOI: 10.1080/1612197X.2014.932823
  • Sparks, C.R., Meisner, B.A., & Young, B.W. (2013). Investigating general and self-expectations regarding aging in a physical activity context. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 44, 17-36.
  • Medic, N., Young, B.W., & Grove, J.R. (2013). Perceptions of five-year competitive categories: Model of how relative age influences competitiveness in masters sport. Journal of Sports Sciences & Medicine, 12, 724-729.
  • Young, B.W., & Medic, N. (2012). Expert masters sport performers: Perspectives on age-related processes, skill retention mechanisms, and motives. In S. Murphy (Ed.), Oxford handbook on sport and performance psychology (pp. 493-512). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Young, B.W. (2011). Psycho-social perspectives on the motivation and commitment of Masters athletes. In N. Holt & M. Talbot (Eds.), Lifelong engagement in sport and physical activity (pp.125-138). London: Routledge and the International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education.
  • Young, B.W., Piamonte, M.E., Grove, J.R, & Medic, N. (2011). A longitudinal study of Masters swimmers’ commitment. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 42, 436-460.
  • Young, B.W., & Medic, N. (2011). Examining social influences on the sport commitment of Masters swimmers. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 12, 168-175. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.09.004
  • Young, B.W., & Salmela, J.H. (2010). Examination of practice activities related to the acquisition of elite performance in Canadian middle distance running. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41, 73-90.
  • Young, B.W., Medic, N., & Starkes, J.L. (2009). Effects of self-monitoring training logs on behaviors and beliefs of swimmers. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 21, 413-428.
  • Conferences and Presentations (10 maximum)/   Les conférences et présentations (10 maximum)
  • Bartulovic, D. & Young, B.W. (2016). Exploring the validity of the Self-Regulated Learning-Self Report Scale in a North American sport sample. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38(Suppl.), S156. North American Society for Psychology of Sport & Physical Activity, Montreal, Canada.
  • Tedesqui, R.A.B., & Young, B.W. (2016).The role of grit in sport expertise development: Preliminary analyses of factor structure, validation of the grit scale in sport, and associations with practice and skill level. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38(Suppl.), S263. North American Society for Psychology of Sport & Physical Activity, Montreal, Canada.
  • MacLellan, J., Callary, B., & Young, B.W. (2016). Exploring a coach’s application of andragogical principles in the facilitation of learning for masters and youth canoe/kayak athletes. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38(Suppl.), S225. North American Society for Psychology of Sport & Physical Activity, Montreal, Canada.
  • Jones, G., Stathokostas, L., Wister, A., Chau, S., Young, B., Clark, P., Duggan, M., Nordland, P., & Kriellaars, D. (2016). Physical activity literacy: A model for older adults. Journal of Aging & Physical Activity, 24(Suppl), S19. World Congress on Active Ageing, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Young, B.W., Tedesqui, R.A.B., & Baker, J. (2015). Measuring athletes’ self-efficacy for deliberate practice: Initial development and analyses. Journal of Exercise, Movement, & Sport, 47(1). Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning & Sport Psychology, Edmonton, Canada.
  • Tedesqui, R.A.B., Bartulovic, D., Baker, J., & Young, B.W. (2015). Self-reaction among athletes: Exploring the case for an under-studied aspect of self-regulation. Journal of Exercise, Movement, & Sport, 47(1). Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning & Sport Psychology, Edmonton, Canada.
  • Littlejohn, M., Carey, S., & Young, B.W. (2015). Exploring diminished opportunities for physical activity in an older ‘sporty’ adult cohort. Journal of Exercise, Movement, & Sport, 47(1). Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning & Sport Psychology, Edmonton, Canada.
  • Tedesqui, R.A.B., Bartulovic, D., Baker, J., & Young, B.W. (2015). Initial examination of the validity of ‘consideration of future consequences’ scales in an adolescent sport sample. Journal of Exercise, Movement, & Sport, 47(1). Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning & Sport Psychology, Edmonton, Canada.
  • Sparks, C., & Young, B.W. (2012). Placing the blame on age: Age attributions for physical activity failure as a function of physical activity status and age. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 34(Suppl.), S284. North American Society for Psychology of Sport & Physical Activity, Honolulu, USA.
  • Young, B.W. (2012). Improving self-motivated and self-regulated training in your athletes. Invited speaker at Canoe Kayak Canada’s Coaches’ Conference: Teaching and Learning. Ottawa, Canada.
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